(fl. 5th cent BCE)
   Persian palace official at Shushan during the reign of Ahasuerus. His niece Esther was part of the king's harem. Through her Mordecai informed the king of an assassination plot against him. Later, when Mordecai refused to bow to the vizier Haman, the vizier resolved to avenge himself on the Jewish population; his plan was frustrated by Esther; Haman was hanged; and Mordecai assumed Haman's position as chief minister. These events are recorded in the book of Esther.

Dictionary of Jewish Biography. .

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  • MORDECAI — (Heb. מָרְדֳּכַי ,מָרְדֳּכָי hypocoristic masculine proper name containing the theophoric element Marduk), name of two Biblical figures: 1) One of the 12 leaders who returned from Babylonia to Jerusalem at the time of Zerubbabel (Ezra 2:2; Neh. 7 …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Mordecai — m Biblical: the name of Esther s cousin and foster father, who secured her introduction to King Ahasuerus (Esther 2–9). The name is of Persian origin and seems to have meant ‘devotee of the god Marduk’. It had some currency among English Puritans …   First names dictionary

  • Mordecai — masc. proper name, biblical cousin of Esther, from Heb. Mordekhay, from Akkad. Marduk, chief god of the city of Babylon …   Etymology dictionary

  • Mordecai — [môr′də kī΄] n. [Heb mordĕkhai] 1. a masculine name: dim. Mordy 2. Bible the cousin of Esther (in the Book of Esther), who saved the Jews from the destruction planned by Haman: cf. PURIM …   English World dictionary

  • Mordecai — For other uses, see Mordecai (disambiguation). Esther and Mordecai, by Aert de Gelder Mordecai or Mordechai (Hebrew: מָרְדֳּכַי, Modern  …   Wikipedia

  • Mordecai —    The son of Jair, of the tribe of Benjamin. It has been alleged that he was carried into captivity with Jeconiah, and hence that he must have been at least one hundred and twenty nine years old in the twelfth year of Ahasuerus (Xerxes). But the …   Easton's Bible Dictionary

  • Mordecai — /mawr di kuy , mawr di kay uy/, n. 1. the cousin and guardian of Esther who delivered the Jews from the destruction planned by Haman. Esther 2 8. 2. a male given name. * * * In the biblical book of Esther, the cousin or guardian of Esther.… …   Universalium

  • Mordecai — A Jewish hero in the story of Esther, which illustrates the reversal of fortunes. His execution for lack of respect to Haman, favourite in the court of the Persian king Ahasuerus, was authorized by the king, along with extermination of Jews… …   Dictionary of the Bible

  • Mordecai — Recorded as both Mordacai and Mordecai, this was originally a personal name, becoming much later, a surname. However spelt it is of ancient Hebrew origins, and although once thought to have some Breton Celtic Welsh ancestry, this is is almost… …   Surnames reference

  • Mordecai Richler — Born January 27, 1931(1931 01 27) Montreal, Quebec, Canada. Died July 3, 2001(2001 07 03) (aged 70)[1] Occupation …   Wikipedia

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